The indigenous people of Yanomami are dying at alarming rates due to the effect of illegal wildcat gold mining. International demand for beef and soy incentivizes ranchers to clear the land for cattle ranching and soybean production. Data from Brazil’s National Institute for Space Research shows that more than 3,980 square kilometers of the Amazon—an area five times the size of New York City—were cleared in the first six months of 2022. It’s estimated that between 17 and 20 percent of the Amazon has been destroyed over the past fifty years, and some scientists believe that the tipping point for "dieback" is between 20 and 25 percent deforestation. Rain forests are home to well over half the world's land-based species of plants and animals. They play a vital role in the fight against global warming. More than a billion people depend on them for their livelihoods and around 300 million people actually live in forests.